(Sister of Mother-in-law of William Hartley Budd 1812-1888).
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Mary Ann McCARTHY.
Parents - John McCARTHY/ Ann BEARDSLEY.
Born - 4 Jun.1793, Norfolk Island.
Baptised - Unknown.
Died - 18 May 1879 (aged 89, a Widow), Darling Pt.Rd. Darling Point, Sydney.
Buried - Waverley Cemetery, Sydney.
MARRIED. (1) ???
Thomas Britiffe SKOTTOWE.
Thomas Britiffe SKOTTOWE.
Parents - Thomas Britiffe SKOTTOWE/ Lydia POCOCKE.
Born - circa.1787, Paris, France.
Baptised - Unknown.
Died - 11 Nov.1820, Tynemouth, Northumberland, England.
Buried - ??? Tweedmouth, Northumberland.
Born - 28 Aug.1811, NSW.
Baptised - 28 Sept.1811, St.Phillip Church, Sydney.
Married - 1838, Paulina IZARD, Woodstock, Oxford County, Ontario, Canada.
Died - 9 Oct.1898, Stratford Canada.
Buried - Avondale Cemetery, Stratford.
Born - circa.1814, NSW.
Baptised - Unknown.
Married - Unknown.
Died - Unknown.
Buried - Unknown.
Henry Vincent CRITCHLEY.
Parents - Unknown.
Born - abt.1803, .
Baptised - Unknown.
Died - abt.9 Oct.1826 (aged 23), Calcutta.
Buried - Fort William Burial Ground, Calcutta.
THOMAS BRITIFFE SKOTTOWE (c.1787 - 1820) joined the British Army (73rd.Regiment) in 1807.
The 73rd.Regiment were based at Stirling Castle, Scotland.
He was born circa 1787, the eldest son of Thomas Britiffe SKOTTOWE (1767 - 1841) and Lydia POCOCKE (c.1770 - ?).
His father died 27 Dec.1841 Marylebone London Middlesex.
The 73rd.Rgiment was ordered to the Colony of NSWs with its Commanding Officer, Lieutenant Colonel Lachlan Macquarie, sailing from St.Helens on 25 May 1809, arriving at Sydney on the 1 January 1810.
It replaced the NSWs Corp.(102nd.Regiment) and while stationed in Australia the Regiment assisted Governor Macquarie in cleaning up the corruption left after the Rum Rebellion in 1808, under Governor Bligh (of Mutiny of the Bounty fame).
Thomas has been referred to as one of Macquaries Right Hand Men and on arrival in the Colony was appointed a Lieutenant. (Lachlan Macquarie was appointed Governor).
Thomas was appointed Commandant of the Penal Settlement of Newcastle, on 25 July 1811, and Justice of the Peace and Magistrate of the area.
While at Newcastle he observed the Flora and Fauna of the district and with the cooperation of Richard Browne, a Convict Artist, produced a Manuscript which became an Australian Classic.
His association with Mary Ann McCARTHY produced two sons.
1. Augustus John SKOTTOWE - b.28 Aug.1811.
2. George Thomas SKOTTOWE - b.circa.1814.
Augustus John Skottowe was baptised (28 Sept.1811) at St.Phillips, Sydney and registered as an Illegitimate child.
No Birth or Baptismal records could be found for the younger child, George.
(Augustus and George were known as John and Thomas, respectively).
His term at Newcastle ended in March 1814 with the arrival in New South Wales of the 46th Regiment, while the 73rd Regiment was ordered to Ceylon (Sri Lanka) where it served until 1821.
Thomas embarked on the ship Kangaroo under his command, departing Sydney 19 Apr.1815, arriving Colombo, Ceylon 25 Jul.1815.
It is said that Augustus John Skottowe with the aid of some of his fathers soldiers, stowed away aboard his fathers ship.
While in Ceylon, the boy was given a baby elephant and a monkey, by the captured King of Kandy.
1 Aug.1815, Thomas was appointed a Captain of the Company, after Capt.Robertson was killed in action.
Circa Dec.1817, Thomas departed Ceylon (it is assumed with his son) bound for England.
On arrival in England, they went to the house of the father of Thomas, in Lisson Grove, Paddington London and shortly after resided at Tweedmouth, Berwick-on-Tweed, Northumberland, on the river Tweed.
Berwick-on-Tweed is the most North Easterly Coastal town in England, virtually on the Border between England and Scotland.
Thomas (Scottowe) was buried on the 18 Nov.1820, aged 33 and was resident at Tweedmouth, on his death. Tynemouth is a village located at the mouth of the River Tyne on the North-East coast of England, 6 miles from the centre of the city of Newcastle upon Tyne.
The Skottowe Name is Scandinavian in Origin and means lot on the hill. The Skottowe family in England appears to come from the area just north of Norwich in Norfolk. There is a village named Skottow in this region.
Sometimes the e is dropped from the Surname and sometimes the k is replaced with a c.
Apparently the Skottowe Family inherited the Britiffe Lands.
Captain James Cook (1728-1779), Founder of Australia, as a child moved with his family to live on Aireyholme Farm, near Great Ayton, Yorkshire, owned by the Grandfather of Thomas Skottowe, also Thomas.
Thomas soon noticed the bright young James, and arranged for him to attend the local village school, where he quickly showed an aptitude for Mathematics.
MARY ANN McCARTHY (1793 - 1879).
What happened to Mary Ann McCarthy and her son, Thomas ?
Remaining behind in Sydney after the departure of her eldest son and his father, Mary and her son, George (Thomas), moved to Hobart mid-1816.
The following notice appeared in the Sydney Gazette, 29 Jun.1816, p.2.
Mary Ann McCarty, and child, proceeding to the Derwent by an early Opportunity request claims against them may be presented.
Returning to Sydney, her son, Thomas, embarked on the Laurel (18 Apr.1818) bound for Calcutta via Batavia, accompanied by Lt.William Hicks, of the Royal Navy and First Lieutenant on the First Fleet Ship, Friendship.
Mary followed on the ship Mary departing Sydney 14 Jul.1819, bound for Calcutta, apparently with a son born on Norfolk Island ?
The following notice appeared in the Sydney Gazette, 3 Jul.1819, p.3.
Mary Ann McCarty leaving the Colony by the earliest Opportunity, desires all Claims against her to be presented, and those indebted to settle the same.
Whether Mary and her younger son, Thomas, planned to be reunited with Thomas Skottowe and the older son, John, in Ceylon is unknown ?
By the time of their departure from Australia, Thomas Skottowe and John, were resident in England. Why Mary and Thomas, did not follow the two to England, is unknown ?
Apparently John was told by his father that the two were lost at sea !!!
It appears Mary returned to Australia, and died (18 May 1879) and was thought to have died Intestate, at her residence, Darling Point, aged 89 years.
However a search of her belongings revealed a Will, stating her two sons, and her nephews and nieces, as beneficiaries.
The following article appeared in the Hobart Mercury Newspaper, no less than on five occasions (Sept.1881 to Feb.1882).
In the Matter of the Estate of MARY ANN CRITCHLEY, late of Sydney in the Colony of New South Wales, Widow, Deceased, and of the Statute 15 Victoria No.8.
Pursuant to the order made herein on the 24th day of June A.D.1881.
Augustus John Skottowe, George Thomas Skottowe, Harrietta McCabe, Mary Ann Wilcott, Ann Devereux, John Devereux, Peter Devereux and Philip Devereux, and other the next of kin (if any) of the abovenamed deceased are required on or before the 24th day of June 1882, to come in before the Curator of Intestate Estates at the Supreme Courthouse, King-street, Sydney, New South Wales and PROVE their CLAIMS upon or to the estate and effects of the said deceased otherwise they will be excluded from the benefits of the said order.
On his death, Philip Devereuxs estate was estimated to be worth approx.20,000 pounds, a considerable sum in 1910.
When he died a Tasmanian paper stated that more than thirty years ago a relative who died in Sydney leaving a considerable estate, a large proportion of which he became entitled to.
It appeared to be Philips mothers sister, Mary Ann Critchley.
According to various legal papers (State Archives of NSW):
Mary Ann married a Mr.Critchley, a ships Pilot for the East India Company in India. On his death, (there were no children), she became Matron of the Military (Nursing) Training School in Calcutta.
In 1837, she took a leave of absence to England, intending to return to India, but arrived in Sydney in Oct.1837. One of her ship-mates was a lawyer, named Alfred Cheeke, who went on to become a Justice of the NSW Supreme Court.
Mr.Cheeke had rented a house in Elizabeth Street, and 3 weeks later, asked her to come and look after his house. She was his housekeeper for the rest of his life.
He apparently arrived in Sydney with one hundred pounds and, throughout the years, until he died 14 Mar.1876, he constantly borrowed money from her (she had pensions and investments).
At the time of his death, Alfred owed Mary over 10,000 pounds, according to the IOUs that were found. That did not include the interest at 6 % per year.
He never married and in his Will, he left her his house and property at Darling Point and 10,000 pounds. His farm with the racehorses etc.he left elsewhere. The other Executor was Alexander Charles Maxwell, a Magistrate.
There was a question about the 10,000 pounds and the Supreme Court later ruled that Mary should be paid 10,000 pounds to repay his debt, and 10,000 pounds as a legacy.
When she died on 18 May 1879, they thought there was no Will, but one was finally found one among her papers, by her housekeeper, Kate Collins, dated 13 Nov.1839, naming her 2 sons and her nephews & neices.
Alfred Cheeke was named Executor. As an afterthought, Edward Hinder, a Master Pilot in the East India Company, was also added as an Executor.
According to the paperwork, after all debts etc. were paid, her estate was worth over 15,000 pounds, and they could only find her two nephews, Philip Devereux, farmer, of Nicholls Rivulet, Port Cygnet, River Heron, Tasmania & Peter Devereux, farm labourer, of Brighton, Tasmania.
A Henry Critchly married 5 Nov.1823, Marian McCarthey, Bengal.
According to the Home Accounts of the East India Company in 1840, Mrs.Mary Ann Critchley was allowed to receive in this country (India) her yearly pension of 32 pounds, 10 shillings, as the widow of a Mate in the Pilot Service.
Mary Ann Critchley and Alfred Cheeke (a Barrister) embarked on the Eweretta, sailing from London, 1 Jul.1837, arriving Sydney, 31 Oct.1837.
Other papers state:
Capt.Edward Hinder was born, 10 Jun.1801, at Parramatta, Sydney. His father, John, arrived at Sydney, 18 May 1798, on the Barwell, as a Private of the NSW Corps.
He married Ann Fogg, 13 Sept.1801, St.Phillips Church Sydney.
John transferred to the 73rd.Regiment, 24 Oct.1810, which was sent to Ceylon in 1814.
In 1816, Edward entered the Bengal service of the East India Company, and after 32 years, retired in 1848 as a Master Pilot and Commander of the brig Salween.
15 Oct.1822, he married a widow, Indian-born Ann Harper, at Calcutta, who was blind for most of her life.
Returning to Sydney in 1849, from Calcutta, Edward in 1853 purchased Drayton House Balmain Rd.Petersham.
Their only child, died in infancy, however the couple adopted two children, Edwards nephews son, and Ann Adelaide Hinder Ross.
A Great Nephew of Edwards, was named Henry Vincent Critchley Hinder (1865-1913), a noted Sydney Surgeon.
Mary Ann McCarthy and the Hinders were both generous benefactors to the NSW Institution for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind.
On Sunday evening last, the Chief Constable at Parramatta received information, that H. B. Hayes had been robbed of property to some considerable amount,and in consequence of such information searched the house of I.Cosgrove, where he found a number of articles in a box, and afterwards, between a bed and mattress perceived a Seal skin bag, upon examining which, a quantity of goods were found, which Ann Sullivan, a woman who cohabited with Crosgrove, acknowledged to have received from her daughter, the servant to H. B. Hayes at Sydney. Some property that had been stolen from the house of Mr. Williamson was also discovered, which can only be accounted for as having been purloined by the above Ann Sullivan, while she lived as servant in Mr. Williamson's family.
Mary McCarthy, and Ann Sullivan her mother were indicted, the first for stealing sundry articles of value from Henry Brown Hayes, the latter for receiving the same knowing them to be stolen.
Both Guilty, Mary McCarthy 7 Years Transportation; Ann Sullivan to to be transported 14 years to Norfolk Island and to be kept at hard labour until she may be sent hither.
The following article appeared in the Sydney Evening News, Saturday, 5 Nov.1881, p.5:
Information respecting a lady named CRITCHLEY (whose name was mentioned in the Evening News about two years ago) will be thankfully received by Mary Ann Bell, formerly Mary Ann Critchley.
Address - Mary Ann Bell, Jesmond, near Newcastle, New South Wales.
P.S. The party was known to Judge Cheeke.
Mary Ann CRITCHLEY m.1857, Christian CHRISTIANSON, Newcastle.
Mary Ann CHRISTIANSON m.1872, Robert BELL, Newcastle.
Mary Ann BELL d.24 Aug.1906, aged 85, Haydonton, Murrurundi, NSW, bur.Haydonton Cemetery.
mother of Engebret Christian CHRISTIANSON, Mrs.John SHARP & Mrs.G.SAXON.
I am greatly indebted to Cheryl McCarthy Agroff in Canada (G.G.Grand daughter of Augustus John McCarthy) for summarising the estate papers and contributing to this Page.
At great expense, Cheryl obtained copies of the documents regarding Marys estate, over 350 pages !!! from the State Archives of NSW.
Cheryl can be contacted on the following E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org