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St Erth

Saint Erth Parish Church, Cornwall, England

John HUTCHENS chr 3 Sep 1809 Saint Buryan, Cornwall, England s/o JN. HUTCHENS/- (Mary MORLEY) [IGI Batch Number P006371 extracted from parish records]
Catharine (Care) OLIVER chr 31 Dec 1815 Saint Erth, Cornwall, England d/o George OLIVER/Mary (HOSKING) [IGI Batch Number C021861 extracted from parish records]

John HUTCHENS m 19 Jun 1835 Saint Erth, Cornwall, England, Catherine Care OLIVER [Submitted to IGI, no source info]

For the following census, shipping and petition information I am most grateful to Shelly Farr.
1841 British Census
Cornwall Online Census Project-1841
Hundred of Penwith
Books 8-11 Penzance/St Just in Penwith ED 1 (pages 20-25) & ED 2-4, ED 5-7, ED 8-10 St Just
Transcript of Piece: HO107/144 (Part 6)
Enumeration District 2, Civil Parish of St Just, Book 8, Folio 10, Page 1
St Just in Penwith
At midnight 6/7 Jun 1841, living at Bojewyan:
Surname, First name, Sex, Age, Occupation, Where Born
HICHENS John, M, 30, Miner, Cornwall
HICHENS Cathrine, F, 25, Cornwall
HICHENS Mary, F, 6, Cornwall
HICHENS Rosetta, F, 4, Cornwall
HICHENS John, M, 1, Cornwall
TREMBATH Eliza, F, 20, Inmate (Crossed Out) Cornwall
TREMBATH William, M, 1, Cornwall
CLEMENS Eliza, F, 12, Cornwall
(Ages of adults were rounded down to the nearest 5 yrs)
(The Eliza CLEMENS living with the HICHENS is, Shelly believes, the daughter of John CLEMENS and Ann HOSKEN. In the 1841 Census Ann CLEMENS (43, Tailor) and 2 other children, John (9) and William (6) are listed next to Catherine HICHENS's parents and youngest brother: George OLIVER (50, Miller), Mary (55) and son Francis (15) at Lower Drift, Sancreed. Mary was a HOSKIN(G) so perhaps she was a sister of Ann, which would mean that Eliza CLEMENS was a first cousin of Catherine HICHENS.)

Shipping for John and Catherine and their four chn 1847 to South Australia
John HITCHINGS, wife and 4 children sailed on the Aboukir, a new three masted barque of 816 tons which was chartered to return to Britain with copper ore from the Burra mines. The ship departed London on 20 May 1847, and Plymouth on 1 Jun 1847 with 302 immigrants. John HITCHINGS (HUTCHINS) was one of the 30 Cornish miners aboard who had come to work in the copper mines. Friends and relatives from the western coast of Cornwall were among the fellow passengers. After a passage of 95 days the Aboukir arrived at Port Adelaide, South Australia on Saturday 4 Sep 1847.

The shipping list for the Aboukir from the South Australian Register, 8 Sep 1847 is transcribed on this website.
Aboukir Shipping List London to Port Adelaide 20 May - 4 Sep 1847

Upon leaving the ship at Port Adelaide the family would have made the 8 mile trek to Adelaide, then north for 100 miles to the copper mine. Twenty-nine parents are listed on a petition sent in 1849 to the Colonial Secretary for a subsidy for a teacher for the Kooringa school. (Kooringa was an early name for Burra.) Many of the names are easily recognised as Cornish. Among them is John HUTCHINS, Burra Creek, 3 school age children. The petition is reproduced on page 264 of Ian Auhl's book, The story of the Monster Mine - The Burra Burra mine and its townships 1845-1877, Investigator Press, Adelaide, 1986. See 1849 Petition

In 1851 almost half of the population of over 4000 lived in 600 dugouts which had been excavated by the miners in the banks of the Burra Creek. These caverns extended for 3 miles but floods in 1851 inundated 'Creek Street'.
For more information see The History of Burra

The South Australian Register, Thursday 5 June 1851
This newspaper reported in some detail the case of GLADWIN v HUTCHINS heard in the Police Court at Kooringa on the 29 May 1851. Mrs Hutchins had been remanded on a charge of illegal possession of a ring which the plaintiff claimed was thrown out with the water in the washing-tub. Newpaper report

By mid 1851 the copper mining settlements north of Adelaide at Burra Burra and Kapunda formed the largest inland settlement on the Australian continent but after gold was discovered in August 1851 there was an exodus to the goldfields of central Victoria. Catherine's death certificate confirms that the the family spent about 7 years in South Australia before moving to the Creswick area of Victoria, most likely, early in 1854. Two of their daughters, Mary and Rosetta HUTCHENS were married at the Kooringa Church on 29 Mar 1852 and 27 Dec 1853 respectively.

John HUTCHENS and Catherine Care OLIVER at Creswick, Victoria, Australia


Images of Saint Erth Parish Church, Cornwall, England

Children of John HUTCHENS m 1809 Mary MORLEY

George OLIVER m 1808 Mary HOSKIN

© Created : 10 July 2005
© Last Modified : 23 April 2011
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