Census returns online
1841 Census of Cornwall, England
This is one of the front runners in a huge project which was conceived in 1999. A world-wide network of volunteers is transcribing all the UK 19th century census returns and making them freely available online at no charge. The size of this voluntary transcription project is second only to FreeBDM which was the first of the FreeUKGEN projects to be launched. The searchable database for FreeCEN went live on rootsweb in 2003 and now the 1841 Census for the entire County of Cornwall, with considerable input from Australians and New Zealanders, is 100 per cent online.
This web address is for the 1841 Census of Cornwall by Hundreds. The list for each of the nine Hundreds is divided into Piece Numbers and LDS Film numbers. Each of these list several Books and Enumeration Districts (EDs) with hotlinks to the places. There are up to 300 of these for Cornwall and the list shows that a thorough search of a locality could entail several EDs in apparently different places.
The pages for each ED are very long so save time by using your browser's 'Edit/Find in Page' facility for keywords.
The enumerators's instructions for the British Census taken on 7 June 1841 were to round down ages for people over 15, to a low of five years. For example, the age of someone recorded as aged 15 could actually be 15 to 19 years of age on the census night.
Uncertain or unreadable entries are indicated by green text so order the LDS film and have a go at deciphering the original yourself. Your knowledge of the family could give you an advantage.
More about the FreeCEN project, its coverage to date, and recent additions is at www.freecen.org.uk/
Click on 'Search the database' to use the master search engine of the database from 1841-1891.
County pages at GENUKI www.genuki.org.uk/ provide links to the census returns available at FreeCEN as well other miscellaneous census bits and pieces including Scotland, and in the case of Ireland, census substitutes.
1881 British Census
Choose '1881 British Census' from the drop down menu for fully indexed transcriptions online for free at LDS Family Search.
British National Archives 1901 Census for England & Wales
The index can be searched for free. Results show name, age, birthplace, census county, civil parish and occupation.
This can be useful for tracing the non-emigrant siblings of those who came to Australia and perhaps those who returned. By putting in a name, approximate age and the village of birth, you might locate them still at home or in another part of the country.
If you wish to pay you can view the digitised census images and transcriptions online and make a copy.
Censuses and Musters for Australia from 1788
The only one available online from this extensive list compiled by Graham Lewis is an index of 9354 entries from a household census of New South Wales taken in March 1841.
This site is annoying in that it does not give addresses of individual webpages any more. So on the startup page click on the link for 'Search our online indexes' then '1841 Census'. This will give you only a name and a locality but the historical background is quite interesting. From here follow the link to a guide of their Muster and Census records, including Van Diemen's Land and copies which they hold from the PRO in London.
Archives Office of Tasmania
Searchable Index to Census Records for returns which have survived for 1837 (New Town only), 1838, 1842, 1843, 1848, 1851, and 1857.
Must also mention that the Western Australian Pioneers' Index 1841-1905 is now online. The direct address for the search is way too long but you could find your way there from
Under the heading 'Births, Deaths & Marriages', click on 'Family History', side menu has the link to 'Western Australian Pioneers' Index 1841-1905'.
The site is attractive, user friendly, and provides very good detail in the index. If you click on the 'Order' button, a pdf order form will pop-up but no payment can be made online.
Also try this 'no frills' search for WA marriages 1906-1920.
Liz's 'Reverse' WA Marriage lookup
Jennifer Burrell: email@example.com